The LANE/LAIN(E)s of Ulster, Ireland, Chapter 3
The "LANE Family" section of this site is divided into 8 chapters and 8 appendices. Please read in sequence by following the links at the bottom of each page or use the "Quick Nav" at top right. Please note the companion photo galleries which show the LANE family house ruins in Co. Tyrone, Ireland; the LANEs' Parish church in Lissan; the homes and graves of the LANEs in Jarrow, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Note the styles: links to individual images: …#2 ; citation of sources: …ix) If you wish to select individual chapters, please click on the top left link to the Sitemap page.
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LANE/LAIN(E) Farms, Co. Tyrone: Further Details of the Three Farms
See the LANE Family Photo Gallery for photos of this area from Unagh to Birch Hill. I am indebted to Bill Cardwell …i) for his permission to include his photos, extending from the Unagh farm (old fashioned stooks), with several photos on the track to Birch Hill and the remainder showing stone ruins (houses etc) at Birch Hill …#3 to …#8. I have just expanded the range of photos as well as their size to create a new photogallery… the Lissan Excursions Photogallery. Speed of broadband made it possible to use more large images!
A letter writing search led to contact with the present day owners of the LANE Unagh farm …i1), who kindly sent photos of an old stone house… most likely that this was James LANE's home? This Unagh home is now a stone farm shed with a flat roof …#10 to …#14. Please also see the LANE Family Photo Gallery for these photos. The Unagh and Birch Hill farms were probably owned by members of the same family, and that family branches may have moved between the two farms depending on the accommodation at the time. There has been nobody living at Birch Hill in recent memory. These photos have now been re-scanned in large format and were then placed in the Lissan Excursions Photogallery.
I have been fortunate that Keith Ison…iii) and Laurence Campbell…iv) read the material on my website and volunteered to take further photos, now on the Lissan Excursions Photogallery. …v)Laurence's systematic and beautiful work is also included photos on the Staples Lissan House as well …#16 to …#29. Keith diverted his tour to take photos of the Lissan Parish Church …#31 to …#37. I am grateful to all these kind people.
Now locate the three LANE / LINN farms which have been colour coded on a 1935 map …vi)below… James (Unagh: Lot 7), William (Tatnagilta: Lot 6a) and Francis (Tatnagilta: Lot 4). The "Tenants in Unagh & Tatnagilta ~1860" table …vii-a) gives the lot numbers and the locations of these Lots are on "~1860 Griffiths Map" …vii-b). If you scroll backwards and forwards between these maps and tables it all becomes much clearer.
The maps below show that the farm in Unagh (Lot 7) had a circular hatched area at its southern extremity which coincides with the top of a hill on the OSNI map in the previous chapter. Would the hatched area have been a vegetated area? The 1834 map …vi) gives good detail of the distribution of vegetation, hedges etc and the circular area is shown quite plainly as a copse of trees. Was it originally a rath or a circular fort? This map also provides useful detail on the surrounds of all three farms. All maps showed a road through the Unagh farm, with the house on the southern side of the road. The Unagh house and the road detail is best in this 1834 map.
The Unagh National School was just down the hill from the Unagh farm in a SW direction. PRONI does not have records …xxii) of this school.... unfortunately most school registers start about 1860.…i) It is highly probable that the LANE children attended the school and the family presumably had a respect for learning, resulting in son Joseph's occupation of Marine Engineer. All the children had to do was walk down to the S end of their property to the copse of trees, then down SW through James M'GAGH's 14A property to the National School, which is shown in the below photo. It is still on the same tiny block shown on the Griffith map,…vii-b), with an area of only 88 m2.…xv) See present-day photo here.
Regardless of an absence of PRONI Unagh National School files …xxiv), some records of the school have been found:
- 1835. Visit of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (Earl of Mulgrave) to Sir T. Staples at Lissan. The “Committee of the Unagh School waited on his Excellency and stated the circumstances of the School, to the funds of which he contributed in the most liberal manner.” …xvii)
- 1840. “Application to the commissioners of Education (for) payment of teachers’ salary, and for supply of books.” The application stated the school “was founded in 1834 built by private subscriptions.”…xviii) It was signed by Rev. John Knox Leslie, Minister of the 3rd Cookstown Presbyterian Church, Cooktown.
- 1840. The Parliamentary gazetteer of Ireland reported that in Lissan, “the National Board had schools at Creivaigh and Unagh.” …xix)
- 1894. Joseph M’Clean of Unagh, said County School Teacher.…xx)
- Aft 1894. Farewell to Joseph M'Clean, a teacher transferring from Unagh N.S.…xxi)
- 1910. No mention of the school in a Cookstown Directory.…xxii)
- 2003. Updated replica of original sandstone date stone placed on the renovated schoolhouse. “Unagh National Elementary school house built by voluntary public subscription AD 1834. J Cotton 2003.”…xiii)
The LANE children were not Presbyterian…xiv), but would have had no problem attending this National School which had 3 Presbyterian ministers from Cookstown as patrons. The school was careful to ensure that it was “open all days of the week to the public of all denominations” and that “no obstruction shall be offered to the children of such parents receiving (religious) instructions elsewhere as they may think proper.”…xviii) Notwithstanding this, the date stone on the school had a Co. Tyrone crest on its top left modified to an education logo, featuring a book, and on top right the logo of the Presbyterian Church of Ireland… the burning bush and the motto “Ardens sed virens”.…xiii) See the photo of the date stone at the bottom of this page.
Was there a push or pull factor which made the LANEs leave for Belfast? James left his occupation as a farmer in the beautiful surroundings of Unagh for an occupation as a yarn-bundler …ix) in the slums of Belfast!
The LANE family had been in the area a long while. James LANE (snr) was mentioned in the 1827 Tithe Applotments …x) and presumably our James LANE (Jnr) who was born in 1817 …xvi) was the person mentioned in the 1860 Griffiths. …vii-a ). Religion may have been a problem. Rev. John Knox Leslie's 1842-43 list of the Presbyterian parishioners in Unagh …xiv) did not contain LANE in the beneath surnames. Note that Rev Leslie was the Chairman(?) of the Unagh N.S. in 1840.…xviii) His list was:
Acheson, Armstrong, Barnes, Brunton, Campbell, Crooks, Dougl, Gourley, Hutchinson, Knipe, McGeagh, McGee, McKeown, McKinney, McKittrick, Moffat, Robson, Watters, Wray.…xiv)
Did this make the LANEs the odd ones out since they were possibly devout Methodists?
What happened to James LANE's farm? The table below of "1860 to 1881 Griffiths Records" …vii-c)give us a time frame of for James' departure, but no exact date. James' name was struck out some time in the 1864-80 period and John McKENNY substituted.…vii-c) Perhaps this date could be narrowed down a bit by the possibility that James lived with his 22 year old daughter Jane LANE in 1862 at Ross St., Belfast when she married Robert STRONG.…ix) The table also shows how the McKenny family progressively added to their holdings to subsequently make a sizable acreage which included James' farm.
It is interesting that Sir Thomas STAPLES Baronet was the immediate lessor of all the Lots…. with the exception in Unagh of Lot 28B (George GOURLEY), Lot 29B (William GOURLEY) and 30B (George GOURLEY), and only one other immediate lessor 14B (James M'GAGH) who was not a GOURLEY, but could have been related to the GOURLEYs.…vii-a) Why were the GOURLEYs in an exceptional relationship with Sir Thomas?
Resources which are used in the above text.
Transcribed by Len Swindley. Kind permission of the Co. Tyrone Mail List site and Len Swindley.
Townlands in Parish Lissan.Source: Irish Townlands… which also provides a map of each Townland
All Townlands (14) in Parish Lissan in Co. Tyrone
Ballynagilly, Broughderg, Cluntyganny, Creevagh, Creeve, Davagh Upper, Davagh Lower, Drumgrass, Dunmore , Lissan, Slaghtfreeden, Tamnyhagan, Tatnagilta, Unagh.
All Townlands (24) in Parish Lissan in Co. Londonderry
Ballybriest, Ballyforlea, Brackagh, Caneese, Clagan, Coltrim, Derryganard, Dirnan, Drumard, Drummeen, Drumrot, Dunnabraggy, Glebe, Killybasky, Knockadoo, Letteran, Lismoney, Lissan Demesne, Mobuy, Muff, Rossmore, Tintagh, Tullynure, Turnaface.
i) Bill Cardwell. Pers. comm. 2004.
ii) Present-day owners of James LANE's Unagh farm. Pers. comm. 2004.
iii) Keith Ison. Pers. comm. 2007.
iv) Laurence Campbell. Pers. comm. 2017
v) Lissan excursions photogallery. See here.
vi) Griffiths valuation maps: 1834, 1935.
vii) Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI).
—a) Griffith Valuation… Valuers' field book (VAL/2B). See here.
—b) Griffith Maps (VAL/2A). See here.
—c) Griffith Annual Revision Lists: VAL/12/B/37/11A (1860 - 1868); VAL/12/B/37/11B (1864 - 1880);
VAL/12/B/37/11C (1881 - 1881). See here.
viii) Joseph LANE's story. See here.
ix) Marriage of Robert Strong & Jane Lain. Latter Day Saints Genealogy Library Film: Film # 0101434,Marriages of Belfast Ireland, #194.
x) Tatnagilta and Unagh extracts from the Lissan Tithe Applotment Book – 1827 (FIN 5A/203).
Transcribed by Len Swindley. Kind permission of the Co. Tyrone Mail List site and Len Swindley.
xi) Townlands in Parish Lissan. See: Irish Townlands… which also provides a map of each Townland
xii) Google Maps.
xiii) John Cotton. Photo of plaque on the wall of the National Elementary School at 19 Lough Fea Rd.
xiv) Rev. John Knox Leslie. Notes on the Congregation of 3rd Cookstown Presbyterian Church, 1842 – 1843.
Transcribed by Eddie Kelso from PRONI Microfilm MIC/1P/460 G3 – J4. See here.
xv) Land & Property Services description of 20 Lough Fea Rd Unagh. See here.
xvi) Death of James LANE. Year & quarter: Apr 1884. District: South Shields. County: Durham. Volume: 10a. Page: 385.
xvii) Visit of Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The Belfast News-Letter; 2 Oct 1835.
Unagh School House— While his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant was lately stopping for a short time at Lissan, the residence of Sir T. Staples, Bart. the Committee of the Unagh School waited on his Excellency and stated the circumstances of the School, to the funds of which he contributed in the most liberal manner. Sir Thos. and Lady Staples, and Col. Stewart of Killymoon, have also, from the commencement of the School afforded to it the most efficient assistance, for which the Committee have publicly returned to these distinguished persons their most grateful acknowledgements.
xviii) Rev. John Knox Leslie. Application to the commissioners of Education (for) payment of teachers’ salary, and for supply of books. Received 12 Aug. 1840. (Held by John Cotton). Rev. Leslie wrote on behalf of Unagh N.S.
xix) Parliamentary gazetteer of Ireland. 1844-45. Vol 11, D-M. A. Fullerton & Co; Dublin 1846:661.
xx) Joseph M’Clean of Unagh said County School Teacher. The Will of James M’Clean late of Claggan County Tyrone Farmer who died 23 March 1894 at the same place was proved at Armagh by Joseph M’Clean of Unagh said County School Teacher one of the executors.
xxi) Farewell to Joseph M'Clean. Presentation to Mr Joseph M’Lean, on the occasion of his leaving Unagh National School. Unknown newspaper, date after 1894. (Held by John Cotton).
xxii) The Belfast And Ulster Towns Directory For 1910: Cookstown Co. Tyrone.
xxiii) John Cotton and Paula Hobson. Pers. comm. 2017.
xxiv) Index to School Collections at PRONI. 2014. See here.
Especial thanks to Bill Cardwell who made photographic trips to Unagh and Tatnagilta, as well as immersing himself in PRONI on my behalf. A great person. Nobody seems to know what happened to him. Bill, if you read this, please contact me just to say hullo. Then there are Keith Ison and Laurence Campbell who went out of their way to take photos which have became an essental part of this account. The owners of James LANE's farm kindly took photos of his old stone cottage, and self-effacingly chose to remain anonymous. Paddy G. Loughran of the Lissan Historical Society gave me the benefit of his local knowledge. The webmaster of the Co. Tyrone Mailing List website Jim McKane and the website's resident historian and transcriber Len Swindley have been invaluable. Recent contact has been made with the COTTON family who have lived in the Unagh National Schoolhouse and who continue to own it. They have been most generous with photos and important original documents cited above.
The Story Continues
- Chapter 4 Children (i): Search for children & relatives.